Connect with us

Features

NCC clears doubts over 5G, COVID-19 and Security

Published

on

– NCC clears doubts over 5G, COVID-19 and Security

In view of the recent development in which misleading materials with no proven evidence being circulated to link CORONAVIRUS or COVID-19 with 5G Technology, it has become imperative for the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) to provide the following clarifications;

Firstly, there is no correlation between 5G Technology and COVID-19. 5G is an advancement on today’s 4G technology designed to transform the world positively.

Secondly, there is no deployment of 5G in Nigeria at the moment. The NCC back in November 2019 approved trial test for 5G for a period of three (3) months and that the trial has been concluded and installation decommissioned.

The trial among others was to study and observe any health or security challenges the 5G network might present. Relevant stakeholders including members of the security agencies were invited to participate during the trial.

The NCC will continue to maintain its policy of technology neutrality and will continue to encourage Service providers to deploy the best technology that will meet the needs of the society in a secured and friendly manner.

The following are some Frequently Asked Questions :

1. What is 5G ?

Ans: 5G is a fifth generation of mobile technology which is an improvement of today’s 4G technology with enhanced capabilities. 5G technology provides the platform for new and emerging technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Big Data to improve the way we live and work.

2. Do we have 5G network in Nigeria now?

Ans: No there is no 5G network in Nigeria at the moment. What we had was a trial test for 3 months which has since been concluded.

3. When are we expecting 5G in Nigeria?

Ans. No exact time frame but when conditions are right and all doubts are cleared.

4. Do we have spectrum for 5G in Nigeria?

Ans. Yes, particularly the millimetre wave spectrum from 24GHz and above are available.

5. Have we given out 5G spectrum to operators?

Ans. No. It will be auctioned at the appropriate time.

6. Are there 5G deployment around the world?

Ans. Yes, in countries like South Korea, China, USA, Germany and others since middle 2019.

7. Is the Radiation from 5G different from those of 2G, 3G and 4G?

Ans. No, they all belong to the same class of Non-ionizing Radiation.

8. Who is going to Allocate spectrum for 5G in Nigeria?

Ans. The National Frequency Management Council (NFMC) Chaired by the Hon Minister of Communications and Digital Economy has the responsibility for allocating bulk spectrum for various services.

9. Should I be concerned about 5G technology?

Ans. No, nothing to worry about. Safety and human health are top priority in the design and deployment of 5G.

10. What are the benefits of 5G ?

Ans. 5G technology will transform the world by connecting everything with everybody. It will create millions of jobs, it will add billions of dollars to the economy (GDP) and can solve some of our problems such as insecurity and improve governance and efficiency in the society.

11. Is 5G causing CORONAVIRUS or COVID-19?

Ans. No, there is no link what so ever between 5G and CORONAVIRUS or COVID-19.

12. Should I ignore all the negative narratives I am hearing about 5G ?

Ans. No, but rely on information from world Standards making bodies such as WHO, ITU, IEEE and industry experts for advice when in doubt.

13. Is there Standard limit set for Radiation from mobile devices?

Ans. Yes, there is Radiation emission limits set by the International Commission for Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) below which the radiation is considered safe for humans.

14. Are the mobile network operators in Nigeria conforming to the Radiation emissions limits ?

Ans. Yes, the NCC has been regularly conducting measurements of Radiation emissions from Base stations across the country and they are all well below the set limits.

15. Is 5G same as Fibre cable?

Ans. No, fibre cable is a terrestrial technology for broadband that existed for decades while 5G is a new mobile technology for enhanced quality of service as explained in Q1 above.

16. Are there other sources of Radiation apart from mobile Base stations ?

Ans. Yes, there are other sources of Radiation which include television stations, radio broadcasts stations, wifi and so on. They all belong to the class of Radiation considered to be safe for humans when operated below the set limits.

17. Who owns 5G ?

Ans. 5G is not owned by anybody but collection of technologies, Standards and processes agreed at the international level by Standards making bodies.

18. Has NCC issued licenses for 5G in Nigeria ?

Ans. No, NCC has not issued any licence for 5G in Nigeria. NCC is technology neutral as such we don’t license technology but assigns spectrum to operators for deployment of any service when allocated by NFMC.

19. Why are some operators rolling out fibre during the lockdown period?

Ans. As a result of the lockdown, the amount of voice and data usage has increased by huge amounts and there is need to expand the network to provide optimum quality of service to users sitting at home. Telecom is also critical for information decimination during the lockdown.

(Source: Nigeria Communications Commission)

Continue Reading

Aviation

THE END OF A DARK HISTORY OF FAILED EFFORTS TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL CARRIER FROM 2001 –2022: WHY NIGERIA AND NIGERIANS SHOULD CELEBRATE SENATOR HARDI SIRIKA

Published

on

By Daniel Young, PhD

THE STORY OF NIGERIA AIRWAYS- PART 1.

Asking the country to go back to 100% ownership of the national carrier is tantamount to repeating the very problems that created the failure of Nigeria Airways Ltd. Nigeria Airways, became a national carrier when it rebranded from West African Corporation Nigeria in 1971. Before this time, the government of Nigeria owned a majority share of the airline 51% and foreign investors owned 49% which is the exact model of what the now Nigeria Air represents; the only difference now being, that the 51%, that originally belonged to Nigerian government, is now being shared between the government: 5%, and local investors 46% while, the rest of the 49% has been earmarked for foreign investors.

When I read some posts by those who have kept insisting that we should own the airline 100% as Nigerians, I am reminded of the saying that, “those who would not learn from history are bound to repeat the same mistakes” Government ownership of the airline, which became the new model after 1971 acquisition of the airline 100% marked the beginning of the downward spiral that eventually led to the death of the organization in 2003 began.

There is no point rehearsing the history of the rise and fall of Nigeria airways, but one thing is clear, from the time the first cracks of failure began to show, many investors, consultant- necromancers, fake airlines and port-folio experts of different sizes and shapes and shades have shown up before successive administrations with magical solutions and ideas to resuscitate the dying airline or now dead airline.

Some have been legitimate, others, vagrant and criminally intentioned. The sum being that, over twenty intervening years between these attempts at solving the same perennial problem of establishing national airline have come and gone; with no enduring solution until Senator Hardi Sirika came on the scene.

With no prejudice, I was, at a time very skeptical about Sirika’ programs and did not waste time to condemn what I thought at the time to be incongruous with established protocols for founding an airline. I utilized every available opportunity to condemn and criticize his programs as some as still wont to doing.

May I submit, that you can call Sen. Hardi Sirika by any name you may wish, but there is no denying the fact that, he is a very deliberate man who learns quickly, and is ready to take corrections where necessary. It is this conscious approach to learning against the barrage of criticism from all quarters that has led him to this point where we could almost declare with confidence: Nigerian, behold, Nigeria Air!

ENTER 2001. KEMA CHIKWE’s AIR NIGERIA

In 2001, armed with IFC and BPE approvals Dr. Kema Achikwe was confident she would be able float a national carrier with Atiku primed to take over Nigeria Airways as an investor. The new airline was dubbed: Air Nigeria.

Unlike Sirika’ model marked by wide consultations across all stakeholder groups, the floatation process that followed Kema Achikwe’ idea was shrouded in mystery. The core investor that provided a special purpose vehicle for this fraudulent transaction was “WING AEROSPACE” incorporated in the UK with One British pound as paid –up equity. Behind this scam were two Asians who claimed relationship with Singapore airline as Technical partners; which was later found to be false by a team of investigators from AON.

These men came into Nigeria with no funds to invest; did not have the technical expertise for the role they intended to play but yet, were offered 40% equity in Air Nigeria. The following represent some of the numbing facts of that transaction which are now facts of history:

• Air Wing Aerospace was appointed partners 2 months before it was incorporated in the Uk. A clear case of backward integration.

• They had no track record or financial resources as investors.

• Air Wing Aerospace was handed over six Nigeria Airways prime properties by the Minister as collateral to raise start-up funds from Nigerian banks.

DY.

To be continued…

Continue Reading

Features

Peter Obi and the Passion That Drives Him

Published

on

“Tai, the mind retains whatever you want it to, and rejects whatever you don’t care about,” – HE Peter Obi.

By Tai Emeka Obasi

The master was teaching me the ingredients of passion. It was sometime in 2018. He was the guest speaker at a Dinner-time Conference organised by the Association of All Federal Government/Unity Schools in Nigeria. I can’t recall the theme appropriately but it was basically about the importance of Education in the development of mankind.

That was the first day I witnessed him bring in the Human Development Index, HDI to illustrate the importance of Education and of course, compared many nations’ HDI to Nigeria’s in the major departments of determination – Education, Income Per Capita and Life Expectancy.

Of course, our country was, and still is, languishing so pathetically down the ladder than her evident human potentials deserved. Another very demoralising pointer to very bad leadership.

We arrived Port Harcourt late. The event was slated to take off by 10.00 pm. We barely made it. He arrived via Akanu Ibiam International Airport, Enugu early enough but he had some burials to attend in Anambra State before we headed to Port Harcourt by road.

The hall was already filled to capacity when he entered. About twenty minutes later he took the stage. I knew what he was capable of but even I was truly amazed at the way he reeled out figures upon figures of comparisons which involved digits of less than whole numbers of over 15 nations from memory.

So, on the way from the event hall to the hotel, I was forced to ask him, “how do you retain all these figures from memory, Sir?”

I had to ask because I was with him from around 10 a.m he arrived via Enugu until he delivered that mind-blowing speech and I never saw him looking at any typed paper all the way. If he prepared any notes, he must have done that earlier and left the notes behind before arrival. Geniuses come in different spheres.

“Tai, the mind retains whatever you want it to and doesn’t bother with whatever you’re not interested in. It has a lot to do with passion,” he responded. He went on to express more.

When we entered the hotel, a football match was going on. It was one of the matches of the Russia 2018 World Cup finals being replayed. The date was June 30, same day both Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo were sent packing from Russia by Kylian Mbappe’s France and Luis Suarez’s Uruguay respectively.The master took one look at the screen and asked me, “what happened at the World Cup today?”

“Both Messi and Ronaldo were knocked out today,” I responded.

“What? Oh, no. The World Cup is over then,” he returned as we entered the lift.

Yes, he barely has time to sit down and watch but he loves football. He has great respect for both Messi and Ronaldo. When pushed to compare the duo he prefers one over the other and has his specific reasons. If you listen to why he does you’ll be convinced but that is a matter for another day.

Today, we’re discussing passion. That night, early morning really, because we arrived late, it dawned on me that he was spot-on as always. The word is passion. He knew that I would always follow World Cup matches via the Internet, wherever I was, however tight the functions. He knew if there was any person to ask anything about football that he had me handy.

PASSION!

Yes, I started listening to radio football commentaries before I was 10, as a child growing up in the village. I can recall many of Ernest Okonkwo’s commentaries and not be too far from the original. I can recall scores and even scorers of some matches of then great Rangers International of Enugu, Nigerian national teams and also of Arsenal’s football club of England.

I can recall stories, plots and even dialogues of many of the James Hadley Chase’s novels I read over 30 years ago. I can recall same about most, if not all, of Frederick Forsyth’s great works, particularly The Devil’s Alternative.

I can recall many dialogues of good movies particularly as delivered by Al Pacino. When it comes to Scarface and Devil’s Advocate, I can recall almost all.

Now, it’s all about what I want my brain to retain. That’s why such passion diverted me after being trained five years as an engineer into writing. But this is not about me.

This is about the master. While I search the internet for Arsenal results and scorers, he searches for new population of China, India, etc and compares it to Nigeria’s. While I search to know other results to compare Arsenal’s standing on the League table, he searches for LNG potentials of Nigeria compared to those of Egypt, Russia and how best to maximise the enormous potentials for the future of Nigerian youths.

While I search Amazon.com to check how many copies of the latest Frederick Forsyth novel sold in the past week, he searches for the projected prices of crude oil in the next decade and the cumulative impact in Nigeria’s and world economy. He searches for the current GDP of Apple Company and the importance of the new order called Knowledge Economy. And how his dear country should depend less on fading oil, direct her very talented youths towards Science, Technology, Mathematics and Science, STEM education that will be the catalyst of employment and lifting millions out of poverty.

If I search today for the names of writers of the movies nominated for this year’s Oscar, be assured he will be searching the internet for possible companies that can effectively provide expertise and the financial institutions that can provide appropriate loans at best interest rates to move Nigeria’s electric power generation from the pathetic 4000 mega watts to 20,000 mega watts within four years of his presidency if Nigerians give him the mandate.

If I search for the bestselling thriller on Amazon.com, he’ll most likely be searching to know exactly how Bangladesh assisted SMEs to be able to lift millions out of poverty and then be thinking of how to apply Nigeria’s peculiarities to lift at least 50 million people out of poverty in four years.

PASSION.

If riches become horses, Nobel Prize will be the ultimate reward.

I certainly will be overreaching my bounds to dream of a Nobel Prize for Literature when Prof Chinua Achebe didn’t get one. But thinking of a Nobel Prize for the master for Good and Effective Leadership will not be an overstatement. He lives and dreams of how to improve mankind. And take this from me, if HE Peter Gregory Obi becomes the president of Nigeria and has the opportunity of delivering what is presently in his brain for the country, a Nobel Prize will be his parting gift.

Don’t think I am just writing for the pleasure of my readers. I’m just telling you about the man I know and the passion that drives him. He doesn’t do anything having awards in mind but his best will always attract top awards because his bests are always excellent. And more – HE GIVES HIS BEST IN WHATEVER HE CHOOSES TO DO.

Just get your PVC.

#PeterObiIsComing
#NigeriaNeedsPeterObi

Continue Reading

Aviation

Published

on

DEFINING A NATIONAL SELF INTEREST-LESSONS FROM A BASA AGREEMENT GONE SOUR

By Tunde Adeniji

The DG NCAA Captain Musa Nuhu recently issued a Press release, conveying the decision of the Honourable Minister of Aviation Sen. Sirika Hadi to replace the operating schedule approval for 21 frequencies/week given to Emirates airlines with 1 weekly Frequency. He had relied on the spirit and letter of the Bilateral Services Agreement (BASA) between the two countries in responding to the single slots weekly offered to Air Peace at Sharjah Airport. The DG’s letter ended with his assurance to members of the public that national interests in all Aviation matters will be jealously protected.

The Aviation Policy and Strategic group discussed the fallout from this decision exhaustively, deconstructing the issues involved, even as its erudite members put forward many good suggestions about how to proceed. The engagements have been rich and enlightening and our intention in contributing to this discourse is to focus on the need to define a National Self Interest in a robust policy framework to guide future BASA/external Aviation relations engagements.

This need is justified based on our experience as a Nation which seems to suggest that we may be haunted yet again by the many decision makers who fell into the trap described below by Jon Moen:

“People who are managing a (financial or economic) crisis are not immune from personal motivations…Sometimes the people in charge don’t know at first that their personal motivations and past experiences might not be compatible with what is best for the greater good.”

We view National Self Interest ‘’As the overriding purpose governing the state’s relationship with the outside world, it serves two purposes. It gives policy a general orientation towards the external environment. More importantly, it serves as the controlling criterion of choice in immediate situations. The dominant view of national interest, in other words, dictates the nature of a state’s long-term effort in foreign policy and governs what it does in a short-term context’’.

The concept of Bilateral Air Services Agreement (BASA) is the outcome of the compromise between the Open Skies advocacy of the US and the strong opposition by the UK and European countries, as a protection from their inability to compete with the formidable dominance of the US in post WW2 world. The delegates at the Chicago convention therefore agreed to a regime that allowed every country complete and exclusive sovereignty over its airspace with the provision that permissions were to be negotiated between contracting states on a bilateral basis. There are at least three different models of BASA, with varying levels of liberality, as may be agreed by the parties to it. We may therefore consider is a contract that should be mutually negotiated like any other

Slots on the other hand ‘’is the most emotive subject in civil aviation. It is the approval from an appropriate authority to take off at a particular time at one airport and land at its destination at another time. The difficulty arises in so called coordinated airports i.e., congested airports where there are severe capacity limits at certain times of the day. It subsequently dictates the difference between operating a route or not’’-D.H. Bunker

The Adam Smith model of Self-interest as the motivator of economic activity with competition as regulator to ensure the market runs efficiently without intervention, is situated below:

“It is not from the benevolence (kindness) of the government (of UAE), Its flag carrier (Emirates), or Airport (Sharjah) that we expect access to Air Peace, but from their regard to their own interest.”

It is important to state at the outset that the self-interest we advocate is (in the words of Lauren Hall) consistent with the demands of justice and becomes the germ from which virtuous, fair behaviour grows, to drive the larger economic engine of society.

In clear economic terms slots represents a barrier to entry and airlines awarded slots benefit from an economic rent. A system established to ensure stability has slowly become the property of the airlines. Slots are sold at a remarkable premium or used as a tool to exert unfair competitive pressures. It has been reported that many European countries who oppose the sale of slots, do so on the principle that, a private firm cannot benefit from a public good (Mackay 2008)

The decision to operate slot system or not remain those of the relevant airport and can be considered “its own internal cuisine‘’ just as ‘’A country’s motivation is its own concern, but the righteousness of its actions is the concern of all’’.

Nigeria like other states deliberately follow certain policies in pursuit of their national interest. The current face off with UAE, shows clearly that we have been a bit too eager to give than to receive or at least gave out before we received.

Our BASA is seemingly driven by the needs and ease of other countries. We have offered multiple entry points to countries, even where our own carriers have faced issues with slots for decades. These incongruities have never been convincingly explained to operators and other stakeholders

We have a unique opportunity to review our thinking and position in this area, especially as our slow adoption of Single African Air Transport Market (SSATM) and African Continental Free Trade Areas (AfCFTA) is totally in sharp contrast to our rush to embrace these dominant international brands

Our policies can start by ensuring that the investment by Nigerian carriers is complimented by access to the best of our facilities as no other country will ever offer them same.

A crisis, they say, is a terrible thing to waste, and so we suggest  that the minimum positive outcome from this saga should be a comprehensive policy paper that will spell out in clear terms, how Nigeria will take actions that will reduce to the barest costs and increase to maximum  benefits its engagements to further our National Aviation Interests.

Continue Reading

Trending

Copyright © 2021 Sunrise Magazine. All rights reserved